Can diabetes affect children?

March 10th, 2014by admin


CandyWhen someone mentions diabetes we first think of older people having problems with their blood sugar levels. Diabetes usually affects people older than 45 – that is type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes affects younger people and can also affect children of any age. In 100 cases of diabetes, 90 person has type 2 and only 10 person has type 1.

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys its own pancreas cells which produce insulin. Since body lacks insulin which regulates blood sugar levels, a person with diabetes type 1 is totally depended on an external source of insulin – insulin shots.

High blood sugar levels affect the arteries throughout the body, especially the organs which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidney, senses, nerves and other organs.

Which are expected blood sugar levels for children?

For children, a normal level of blood sugar is from 70 mg/dl to 100 mg/dl, low blood sugar level is anything below 70 mg/dl and high blood sugar level is considered everything above 140 mg/dl.

What symptoms to look for in children prone to diabetes?

The first signs are very general and can be overlooked. Serious indication of diabetes in children are simultaneous occurrence of excessive thirst, excessive urination and rapid weight loss for no apparent reason.

If these symptoms show this may indicate that your child has diabetes, however this symptoms can occur for other reasons too, so there is no reason for panic right away. For example in summer children drink more and, consequently, pee more. If your child frequently wakes up at night and needs to use the toilette then it is definitely time to take your child to a pediatrician.

Immediate treatment with insulin

Pediatrician will, on suspicion of diabetes, first check blood sugar levels. If high, an immediate insulin treatment is required to avoid problems and complications. It is very important that the initial doses of insulin are very precise.

Can diabetes type 1 be cured?

Unfortunately, there is no cure for diabetes type 1 and type 2 yet. Some symptoms of diabetes can be reversed, but diabetes itself is a chronic condition.

 

Photo: flickr.com/photos/jperera/2063702668




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